When someone dies without leaving a Will, this is known as dying intestate. When there are no instructions on what should happen to the money, property and possessions that make up the deceased’s estate, the assets will be distributed according to a set of legal requirements called the Rules of Intestacy.
The intestacy rules are complicated, with many steps required to distribute the estate among the beneficiaries. The process can confuse loved ones who wish to understand what will happen in the weeks and months ahead. The specialist team at Miller Samuel Hill Brown are on hand to help. To discuss your specific circumstances, contact us on 0141 221 1919 or complete our online contact form.
An executor is usually appointed within a Will. An Executor is the person who administers the estate, gathering in the assets and distributing them to the beneficiaries. If there is no Will, the process of appointing an executor involves applying to the local Sheriff Court. An Executor appointed in this way is known as the executor-dative. If you have a surviving spouse or civil partner, it is likely that they will be appointed, although if there is no surviving spouse or civil partner, someone else may be entitled to be appointed.
The first stage of the Rules of Intestacy requires paying off any outstanding debts, such as mortgages, loans and overdrafts. There may also be unpaid Income Tax or Inheritance Tax, and this must be settled before the deceased’s assets can be distributed.
When it comes to dealing with an estate, different types of assets held by the deceased are treated differently. The estate will be split into two groups:
Certain beneficiaries have automatic rights to inherit from the intestate estate – these entitlements are known as ‘prior rights’ and ‘legal rights’.
Prior rights are dealt with first and are held by the deceased's spouse or civil partner. These cover the right to a share of the family home, furniture and money. Spouses and civil partners can claim:
Legal rights are held by a surviving spouse or civil partner and surviving children. Legal rights relate only to moveable assets.
After prior rights have been dealt with, the spouse or civil partner is entitled to one-third of the remaining moveable assets if there are surviving children, and one half if there are not.
Surviving children are entitled to one-third of the remaining moveable assets (to be shared equally amongst them) if the deceased left a spouse/civil partner, and one half if they did not.
After debts have been paid and prior and legal rights have been met, the remaining estate (known as the free estate) must be distributed according to the statutory list of beneficiaries. Surviving children take priority and will share equally in the free estate.
If there are no children, family members can claim in the following order:
At Miller Samuel Hill Brown, we believe it is always best to plan for the future. As a full-service law firm, our solicitors offer a comprehensive range of legal services required for estate planning, as well as advice on other related legal matters such as family law and tax law.
Our Private Client team are experts in dealing with Wills and other concerns faced by clients that are preparing for the future. Let us help you. Similarly, if you are administering an estate of someone who died without a Will, we can help you. It is important that you have quality legal advice throughout this process, and we are on hand to make sure that this is the case. Contact our team today.